California Court Exercises Jurisdiction Over Child Where Parents Severely Abused Grandchildren: In re Marquis

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California parents who severely physically abuse grandchildren in their custody could find the courts assuming jurisdiction over their own children. California law allows courts to exercise jurisdiction over a child who has suffered, or is at substantial risk of suffering, serious physical harm or illness (Section 300 of the Welfare and Institutions Code). If you have child custody concerns, you are advised to contact an experienced family law attorney in San Diego to help you protect your rights.

The parents in this case, Darnell H. and R.H., have one child, Marquis, and had three grandchildren, L.M., T.S. and L.S., living with them. The Superior Court of San Diego granted the juvenile court jurisdiction over 10 year-old, Marquis, based on the risk of serious physical harm.

At the beginning of this proceeding, the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency filed a petition on Marquis’s behalf, under section 300 of the Welfare Code. While the petition did not assert direct abuse to Marquis, it did allege that his mother, R.H. subjected her 13 year-old grandchild, L.M., to serious physical abuse. The allegations of abuse included burns with an iron and repeated hitting with items such as an extension cord, a crutch and a fist.

Later, the petition was amended to include allegations that both parents abused T.S. Some of the horrid details include putting a lighted cigarette on T.S.’s shin and insisting that T.S. and L.M. sleep on the kitchen floor as a method of punishment. The juvenile court found sufficient evidence to remove all four children from the home.

During a contested jurisdiction hearing and disposition, the court heard extensive testimony by a pediatrician who examined and spoke with the children. The physician concluded that L.M. experienced “repeated, severe, longstanding physical abuse.” Throughout the testimony, the grandchildren admitted to extensive and reprehensible abuse, lasting for three years. Marquis denied that any abuse was taking place in the home.

Darnell H. and R.H. appealed the order granting jurisdiction over Marquis, arguing that California law limits the court’s jurisdiction to matters involving an abused child or the child’s siblings. The parents tried to argue that because the grandchildren are not Marquis’s siblings, the statute does not apply and may not serve as the basis for jurisdiction.

The appellate court affirmed the trial court’s determination that jurisdiction over Marquis is proper in this case. After much discussion of statutory interpretation, the court concluded that mention of “injuries on the child or the child’s siblings” was just one scenario and was not intended to limit jurisdiction to only those individuals. The court further noted that it would be “absurd” to interpret the law to prohibit jurisdiction over a child whose parents severely abused their own grandchildren, who were also in their care and living in the same house. In affirming the decision, the appellate court agreed that “[t]his is an exceedingly dangerous situation…”

If you are a parent who has questions regarding child custody and visitation matters, you should contact Doppelt & Forney today. Mr. Doppelt is a hardworking San Diego family lawyer who has over 20 years of experience representing parents in the San Diego area and throughout Southern California. Doppelt & Forney serves clients in San Diego, La Jolla, Del Mar, Escondido, and more. For a free consultation with a knowledgeable family law attorney, contact Doppelt & Forney through the law firm’s website or give us a call toll-free at (800) ROY IS IT (769-4748).

Related blog posts:

Proposed California Bill Would Have Substantial Impact on Child Custody, Support and Visitation Rights, San Diego Divorce Lawyer Blog, July 10, 2012
Child Support Obligations Can Raise Complex Questions of Policy in California, Elsewhere, San Diego Divorce Lawyer Blog, May 29, 2012
California Appeals Court Says Los Angeles County Man Who Molested Stepdaughter Can Retain Custody of Son, San Diego Divorce Lawyer Blog, January 8, 2013